The Acropolis of Athens

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Painting by Iakovos Rizos (1849-1926)

Athens is one of the most famous cities in Greece, and one of its most treasured attraction is the Acropolis. This ancient citadel set on the rocky outcrops above the city has been standing since 447 BC. The ancient temple to Athena, the Parthenon, is considered by many as the most significant symbol of Ancient Greece.

The Acropolis in Athens, Greece.
 By Christophe Meneboeuf, via Wikimedia Commons 

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It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987 and was a runner-up for the New Seven Wonders of the World. The word “Acropolis” comes from the two Greek words meaning “edge” (acro-) and “city” (-opolis). It lies about 150 meters above sea level, overlooking the city.

Built between 447 and 438 BC, it served primarily as a sacred area for the city’s matron goddess Athena. It was also used to host festivals, events and holidays.

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The Acropolis was damaged and changed hands many times over the centuries, from the Persians to the Ottomans. What remains now can only give us a glimpse of the glory days of Athens, a  center of philosophy and vibrant trade. Let’s picture ourselves for a moment, walking about the Acropolis of Athens, and take in the sights and smells of a busy ancient Greek city.

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By Filip Maljkovic from Pancevo (Acropolis column), Serbia via Wikimedia Commons

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